Abelia 5L

Abelia is a genus of about 15-30 species and many hybrids in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae, in the part of that family split off by some authors in the segregate family Linnaeaceae. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group considers Linnaeaceae to encompass such genera as Linnaea, Abelia, Dipelta, Kolkwitzia, and Zabelia.

Abelias are shrubs from 1-6 m tall, native to eastern Asia (Japan west to the Himalaya) and southern North America (Mexico); the species from warm climates are evergreen, and colder climate species deciduous. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, ovate, glossy, dark green, 1.5-8 cm long, turning purplish-bronze to red in autumn in the deciduous species. The flowers appear in the upper leaf axils and stem ends, 1-8 together in a short cyme; they are pendulous, white to pink, bell-shaped with a five-lobed corolla, 1-5 cm long, and usually scented. Flowering continues over a long and continuous late spring to fall period.

Abelias are popular garden shrubs. The most widely grown is the hybrid Abelia x grandiflora (Glossy Abelia; hybrid Abelia chinensis x Abelia uniflora). This is a rounded, spreading, multi-stemmed shrub with gracefully arching branches to 1-1.8 m tall, with ovate, glossy, dark green semi-evergreen leaves to 2-6 cm long, and clusters of white-tinged-pink, bell-shaped flowers to 2 cm long.

Abelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species.

Acacia Sieberiana (Paper bark Thorn)

Acacia sieberiana is a perennial tree native to Africa and introduced into Pakistan. This tree grows 3–25 m in height, with a trunk diameter of 0.6–1.8 m. Its uses include forage, medicine and wood. It is not listed as being a threatened species.The wood is fairly hard and it is used for furniture, handles for implements and tools for grinding. The wood of A. sieberiana sensu lato has a density of about 655 kg/m≥.

The tree fixes nitrogen, so it takes nitrogen gas out of the air and converts it into nitrogen fertilizer, from which surrounding crops benefit.

Acorus Gold

Acorus is a genus of mono cot flowering plants. This genus was once placed within the family Araceae (aroids), but more recent classifications place it in its own family Acoraceae and order Acorales, of which it is the sole genus of the oldest surviving line of mono cots. The exact relationship of Acorus to other monocots, however, is still debated by scientists. Some studies indicate that it is placed in a lineage (the order Alismatales), that also includes aroids (Araceae), Tofieldiaceae, and several families of aquatic monocots (e.g., Alismataceae, Posidoniaceae). Common names include Calamus and Sweet Flag. It is known as vasambu in Tamil language.

The name 'acorus' is derived from the Greek word 'acoron', a name used by Dioscorides, which in turn was derived from 'coreon', meaning 'pupil', because it was used in herbal medicine as a treatment for inflammation of the eye.

The genus is native to North America and northern and eastern Asia, and naturalized in southern Asia and Europe from ancient cultivation. The known wild populations are diploid except for some tetraploids in eastern Asia, while the cultivated plants are sterile triploids, probably of hybrid origin between the diploid and tetraploid forms.

These grasslike evergreen plants are hemicryptophytes, (i.e. perennial plants of which the overwintering buds are at the soil surface) or geophytes (i.e. the over wintering buds are found underground, usually attached to a bulb, corm, tuber, etc.). Their natural habitat is at the waterside or close to marshes, often found with reed beds.

The inconspicuous flowers are arranged on a lateral spadix (a thickened, fleshy axis). Unlike aroids, there is no spathe (large bract, enclosing the spadix). The spadix is 4-10 cm long and is enclosed by the foliage. The bract can be ten times longer than the spadix. The leaves are linear with entire margin.

The parallel-veined leaves of some species contain ethereal oils that give a sweet scent when dried. Fine-cut leaves used to be strewn across the floor in the Middle Ages, both for the scent, and for presumed efficacy against pests.

Agapanthus Blue

Agapanthus ("Lily of the Nile") is a genus of flower plants with six to ten species depending on how the different species are classified. They are all herbaceous perennial plants native to South Africa. They have been placed either in the family Alliaceae, or separated into their own mono generic family Agapanthaceae (e.g. Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium).

Members of the genus have funnel-shaped flowers, in varying shades of blue colors with white flowering forms occurring. The species have been hybridized to produce additional colors in plants under cultivation. The flowers are produced in many-flowered cymes on long, erect stems called scapes, which can grow up 1 m long. The basal leaves are curved, lanceolate, and are up to 60 cm long.

Agave 5L/10L/15L

Agave is a succulent plant of a large botanical genus of the same name, belonging to the family Agavaceae. Chiefly Mexican, agaves occur also in the southern and western United States and in central and tropical South America. The plants have a large rosette of thick fleshy leaves, each ending generally in a sharp point and with a spiny margin; the stout stem is usually short, the leaves apparently springing from the root. Along with plants from the related genus Yucca, various Agave species are popular ornamental plants.

Each rosette is monocarpic and grows slowly to flower only once. During flowering a tall stem or "mast" grows from the center of the leaf rosette and bears a large number of shortly tubular flowers. After development of fruit the original plant dies, but suckers are frequently produced from the base of the stem which become new plants. It is a common misconception that Agaves are cacti. Agaves are closely related to the lily and amaryllis families, and are not related to cacti. Agave species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including Batrachedra striolata, which has been recorded on A shawii.

Alexandrea 10L

Archontophoenix alexandrae (Alexander palm, Alexandra palm, King Alexander palm, King palm, Northern bangalow palm; syn. Ptychosperma alexandrae F.Muell.) is a palm native to Australia. It is often used as an ornamental plant.

Alocasia (Elephant Ear) 10L/15L

Alocasia is a genus of broad-leaved rhizomatous or bulbous perennials from the Family Araceae. There are about 70 species of Alocasia occurring in Asia, Oceania and South America. The large cordate or sagittate leaves grow to a length of 20 to 90 cm on long petioles. Their beautiful araceous flowers grow at the end of short stalk, but are not conspicuous, often hidden behind the leaf petioles.

The stem (a corm) is edible, but contains raphid crystals of oxalic acid that can numb and swell the tongue and pharynx. The corms require prolonged boiling before serving or processing as a food.

Some hybrids, such as the Amazon Lily of the African Mask (Alocasia x amazonica), are grown as ornamentals.

Aloe 5L

Aloe, also written AloŽ, is a genus containing about four hundred species of flowering succulent plants.The genus is native to Africa and is common in South Africa's Cape Province and the mountains of tropical Africa, and neighboring areas such as Madagascar, the Arabian peninsula and the islands off Africa.

The APG II system (2003) placed the genus in the family Asphodelaceae. In the past it has also been assigned to families Aloaceae and Liliaceae. Members of the closely allied genera Gasteria, Haworthia and Kniphofia which have a similar mode of growth, are also popularly known as aloes. Note that the plant sometimes called "American aloe" (Agave americana), belongs to Agavaceae, a different family.

Most Aloes have a rosette of large, thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are often lance-shaped with a sharp apex and a spiny margin. Aloe flowers are tubular, frequently yellow, pink or red and are borne on densely clustered, simple or branched leafless stems.

Many species of Aloe are seemingly stem less, with the rosette growing directly at ground level; other varieties may have a branched or unbranched stem from which the fleshy leaves spring. They vary in colour from gray to bright green and are sometimes striped or mottled. Some aloes native to South Africa have large trunks and are called aloe trees.

Aloe Bainesii Tree 10L

Aloe bainesii, also known as Tree aloe, is a species of aloe native to South Africa. This plant is often used as an ornamental plant.

Aloe Castanea (Cat’s Tail Aloe)

Aloe castanea (Cat's Tail Aloe) - This aloe is native to the Northern Providence of South Africa. It usually forms a small tree (8 to 12 feet tall) with a single main trunk at ground level with several spreading branches higher up. Leaves are up to 5 feet long with the older leaves persisting along the trunk providing a "skirt". Margins of the leaf are armed with firm, small, brown teeth. The blooms are an unusual color of dark orange-brown and are formed along the curled and snakelike inflorescence, hence the common name Cat's Tail Aloe. It blooms in winter.

Aloe Cryptopoda

Cryptopoda Aloe is a kind of aloe native South Africa. It is a fleshy plant which forms rosettes of leaves gray-green with reddish margins armed with teeth. The heads are 3-8 clusters that are 20-40 cm long with flowers 3-4 cm long red, yellow or bicolor.

Aloe Marlothii

Aloe marlothii Berger is a large, single-stemmed Southern African aloe of rocky places and open flat country, occasionally growing to 6m tall. Its distribution ranges from the Klip River Hills in Johannesburg, through eastern Botswana, northwards over the Soutpansbergto Zimbabwe and Malawi and eastwards through Swaziland and Mozambique to the coast. This species grades through intermediate forms into Aloe spectabilis Reynolds of Kwa-Zulu Natal, and the two are now considered synonymous.

Named after Rudolf Marloth, the renowned South African botanist, this species in full flower presents a magnificent spectacle, the trunk densely covered by the withered old leaves, which when green can be up to 1.5m in length and usually densely covered in short spines on the convex lower surfaces and less so on the concave upper surfaces.

The inflorescence is a much-branched panicle with up to 30 or exceptionally 50 racemes . Flower colour ranges from yellow through orange to bright red. Flowering colour is through the winter months, as is the case with most aloes. Aloe marlothii forms natural hybrids with some 30 or more species.

Arenga Engleri

Arenga engleri, the Formosa palm, radiates a tropical beauty and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. This attractive clumping palm rarely grows more than 10 ft (3.1 m) tall with a stem diameter of 6 in (15.2 cm) and a spread up to 16 ft (4.9 m). The stems are cloaked with delicate black fibers. The Formosa palm has long graceful triangular fishtail-shaped (pinnate) leaves up to eight feet long. The dark olive-green leaves often twist gracefully, giving them a slight spiraling appearance. Leaflets spring from the midrib of each thornless stem, and are dark-green to olive on their topside, and silvery beneath. The 5-8 in (12.7-20.3 cm) long leaflets have an unusual and distinctive V (induplicate) cross-section and grow abundantly in a single plane off the stems.

The spike like flower stalks are borne among the leaves and have both male and female flowers, so a single Formosa palm can produce fertile seeds by itself. The red, orange or green flowers have a sweet fragrance and produce red to deep purple fruits. Each globular fruit is less than 1 in (2.5 cm) in diameter and contains one to three seeds.


Armeria is the botanical name for a genus of flowering plants. These plants are sometimes known as "thrift" or as the "sea pinks" as they are often found on coastlines. The genus counts over a hundred species, mostly native to the Mediterranean, although Armeria maritima is an exception, being distributed along the coasts of the Northern Hemisphere, such as in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park in Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom or Cornwall [1]& [2]. Some are popular with gardeners as rockery plants.


Azaleas are flowering shrubs making up part of the genus Rhododendron. Originally azaleas were classed as a different genus of plant, but now they are recognized as two of the eight subgenera of rhododendrons - subgenus Pentanthera (deciduous), and subgenus Titsushi (evergreen).

One major difference between azaleas and the rest of the rhododendron genus is their size. Another is their flower growth; rhododendrons grow their flowers in stripers, while most azaleas have terminal blooms (one flower per flower stem). However, they have so many stems that during the flowering season they are a solid mass of colour. Azaleas are recognized by these flowers blooming all at once, in a showy display for a month or two in spring. The exception to this rule is a small group of azaleas which grow their flowers in tight terminal clusters.