Luiperdboom (Caesalpinia Ferrea)
Caesalpinia is the name of a genus of controversial size (different publications including between 70 and 165 species, mostly depending on inclusion or exclusion of various genera such as Hoffmanseggia), consisting of tropical and subtropical woody plants. It is named after the botanist Andrea Cesalpino.
The name Caesalpiniaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.
Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers, and C. echinata, Brazil wood, is the source of a historically important dye called brazilin and of the wood for violin bows.